Basic Medical Procedures

i. Common first aid procedure has an acronym of DRABCD, which stands for: 

Danger: Ensure the area is safe not only for yourself, but for bystanders and the patient in order to perform First Aid, such as not in the middle of the road or not next to a burning vehicle.
Response: Check for response from the patient, such as asking for their name, squeezing shoulders, asking them to open their eyes in order to determine whether the patient is conscious. If so, provide reassurance to the patient while continue treating them
Airway: Open their mouth, check for any foreign objects that are blocking their airway, clear any obstructions by tilting their head back and lifting their chin, then remove foreign objects.
Breathing: Check for breathing, place hand on their diaphragm (above belly, below ribs), look if your hand is moving up and down as they breath, listen for breathing with your ears close to the patient's mouth and feel for breaths on your ear.
CPR: If patient is not breathing, provide CPR to the patient
Defibrillation: Attach a defibrillator and follow its prompts

ii. On top of DRABCD,

we often have to treat patients suffering from bullet and cut wounds, fractures, punctures, burns, and alcohol intoxication. Depends on how busy the day is, you may have an RP ranging from a minute to full length of roughly 10 minutes. Common procedures include:
a. Checking for response
b. Provide CPR if necessary
c. Stopping bleedings
d. Patching wounds, and
e. Hand them a green whistle. The following are some standard procedures treating wounds:

iii. Open Cut Wounds:
a. Stop the bleeding by applying pressure onto the wound via gauze
b. Raise their limbs above their heart to slow blood circulation if the bleeding is on their arms or legs
c. Clean the wound after bleeding stops with alcohol dressings, then apply a coating of petroleum jelly
d. Cover the wound with bandages and hold it in place with clips or tapes

iv. Bullet wounds:
a. Follow points iii. a and b
b. Apply dressing and continue to apply pressure over the wound
c. If the wound was at their chest, cover all sides of the wound with airtight material except one corner, continuously apply pressure onto the sides to address sucking chest condition.
d. Monitor the patient for shock, provide reassurance and prevent chilling using blankets
e. Transport the patient to hospital at the earliest opportunity
f. Advise the police to visit the hospital to collect the patient if the patient is a criminal suspect

v. Fractures:
a. Stop any bleeding if they are bleeding
b. Immobilise the injured area and keep the patient in place, via a splint or a sling
c. Monitor the patient for shock, treat them the same way as in point iv. d
d. Transport them to hospital for professional care from doctors
e. Follow step v. f for criminal suspects.

vi. Punctures
a. Do not attempt to remove the object unless it's tiny
b. Stop the bleeding by applying pressure around the wound, keep the object in place
c. Elevate the limb if the puncture is on their arms or legs
d. Transport them to hospital for professional care from doctors
e. Follow step iv. f for criminal suspects

f. If the object is tiny, remove the object with a pair of sterilised tweezers, then treat the wound as a cut wound.

vii. Burns
a. Remove the clothing covering the burn area, unless the fabric is stuck to the burn area
b. Remove the patient from danger, cool the burn area using burn gel
c. Apply dressing onto the burn area after cooling down

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